What’s Efficient Discipline Objective Share? (eFG% Defined)



Over the previous couple of a long time, basketball statistics and evaluation has moved forwards by leaps and bounds, altering how folks watch, play, and consider the sport.

Nothing has had a much bigger affect on the sport than the explosion of three level capturing which has grown exponentially over time.

And with that, we’re on the lookout for higher methods to guage capturing capacity.

Let’s take a more in-depth take a look at efficient area aim proportion (eFG%), the way it differs from area aim proportion (FG%), and the way you need to use it get a greater concept of your crew’s offensive recreation.

What’s Efficient Discipline Objective Share?

Probably the most vital new statistics is efficient area aim proportion.

It was first launched in 2002 by Dean Oliver in his ebook, “Basketball on Paper”

(Which is without doubt one of the 100 books we recommend all coaches read before they die)

Dean acknowledged the shortcomings of area aim proportion and proposed Efficient Discipline Objective proportion (eFG%) — one in every of his “4 components” to foretell a crew’s success.

It is a easy calculation that weighs the additional benefit {that a} made three pointer has, permitting for extra correct analysis of each groups and particular person gamers.

This had made some “conventional” statistics like area aim proportion considerably antiquated.

Why Is It Vital?

Common area aim proportion, very similar to batting common in baseball, doesn’t do an incredible job of totally explaining a participant’s offensive contribution.

Efficient area aim proportion does a greater job as a result of it:

  • Correctly weighs the worth of a 3 pointer in comparison with a made two level basket.
  • Is a greater indicator for earlier and future offensive efficiency.
  • Removes the bias of a better general area aim proportion.

Calculating Efficient Discipline Objective Share

Efficient area aim proportion is essentially the most closely weighted of the Four Factors at 40%.

(The opposite three components are: offensive rebounding proportion, turnover proportion, and free throw charge.)

To calculate efficient area aim proportion:

  • Assign 1 level for each made two-point basket
  • Assign 1.5 factors for each three-point basket
  • Add the 2 numbers collectively
  • Divide by the full variety of area targets tried
  • Multiply by 100 to get a proportion

An instance:

Say a participant shoots 5 – 10 in a recreation from the sector, together with 3 – 4 from behind the 3-point line.

That may be:

  • 2 two-point baskets (2 factors)
  • 3 three-point baskets (4.5 factors)
  • 6.5 factors complete (2 + 4.5)
  • 6.5/10 = 0.65
  • 0.65 * 100% = 65 eFG%

Discipline Objective Share (FG%) vs. Efficient Discipline Objective Share (eFG%)

Let’s take a look at two totally different gamers capturing percentages and attempt to consider their capturing.

Each play the (3) and could be thought-about the “go-to man” on the offensive finish.

  • Participant A Discipline Objective Share – 45.3%
  • Participant B Discipline Objective Share – 50.4%

By this quantity it ought to be apparent who the higher shooter is…

Placing apart components like utilization charge, it appears Participant B is the higher offensive participant, proper?

However let’s take a look at their eFG%…

  • Participant A eFG%: 52.6%
  • Participant B eFG%: 52.1%

Participant A is Celtics celebrity Jayson Tatum.

Participant B is the midrange grasp DeMar DeRozan of the Chicago Bulls.

DeMar Derozan makes his residing between the paint and three level line. However whereas he’s a superb midrange shooter, his shot profile requires him to make these photographs at a really excessive charge to keep up effectivity.

However for Jayson Tatum, not solely is he a strong three-point shooter (shot 35% on his threes), however he takes an enormous variety of them (8.6 threes a recreation this season).

Evaluate that to DeRozan who additionally made 35% of his threes, however took simply two per recreation.

Tatum’s photographs carry extra “worth,” permitting him to make up for his decrease area aim proportion as a result of the photographs he makes are value extra.

What’s a Good eFG%?

Most gamers shoot between 40% and 50% from the sector.

For essentially the most half, we settle for something above that as “glorious” and something beneath that’s thought-about “poor” capturing.

Efficient area aim proportion hasn’t acquired the identical remedy, whilst groups begin to depend on it extra to guage efficiency.

The statistic isn’t at all times available, though web sites like teamrankings.com are an incredible useful resource for “superior” stats.

For a lot of NBA evaluators, an eFG% of 51% or larger is first rate, whereas something beneath 50% is subpar.

Julius Randle, for instance, was final amongst NBA qualifiers final yr in efficient area aim proportion at 45.9%.

Right here’s the top-25 gamers within the NBA in 2021-2022 in efficient area aim proportion:


It’s fascinating that eFG% ought to correctly worth the three level shot, but the vast majority of gamers on this record are Facilities and Energy Forwards who make their residing within the paint.

However a made shot continues to be essentially the most worthwhile shot in basketball, no matter whether or not it comes from two or three.

Rim operating monsters like Robert WIlliams III, Rudy Gobert, and Jarret Allen shoot a really excessive proportion as a result of nearly all their photographs are dunks and free throws.

Whereas there are a couple of sharp shooters on this record like Seth Curry and Malik Monk, a lot of what we view because the league’s finest shooters like Steph Curry and Kyrie Irving are absent.

Which leads me to…

Weaknesses of eFG%

Realizing a few of the world’s finest shooters aren’t highest on the record, does that imply efficient area aim proportion is a poor statistic to guage particular person offensive efficiency?

By no means.

Nevertheless it’s vital to grasp the context of eFG% and implement other statistics to correctly consider gamers.

Nobody would run out an offense of 5 facilities just because they have been top-five in eFG%.

Lots of the gamers within the top-25 are complementary gamers which are set-up by the very best gamers on their crew.

These are often within the type of both lobs on the rim, or within the case of gamers like Dorian Finney-Smith and Seth Curry, vast open threes.

These gamers aren’t requested to complete many possessions and don’t must create laborious photographs off the dribble because the shot clock ticks down.

It’s what makes gamers like Nikola Jokic, Giannis, and naturally LeBron so worthwhile on offense.

They’re excessive utilization gamers that take a variety of troublesome photographs however can nonetheless convert at a charge akin to the Rudy Goberts of the NBA who’re principally cleansing up offensive rebounds and lobs.

That, although, doesn’t diminish the worth of those Facilities — but it surely provides the mandatory context for his or her gaudy numbers.

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